The humanity has spent between January 1 and August 13 all the natural resources that the Earth can replenish in one year, according to organization data Global Footprint Network (GFN) that analyzes the ecological footprint of the planet and its ability to regenerate.
Thus, according to regret WWF, a GFN partner, the ‘Earth Overcapacity Day’ It has been six days ahead of 2015 in 2015, since last year the planet exhausted its own resources on August 19. But the date has not stopped advancing year after year, since the "Day of the Overcapacity of the Earth" reached until October in the year 2000, when it began to be analyzed.
In this way, the ecological budget of the planet has been sold out for the rest of the year, among other things because the carbon emissions, account for more than half of the Humanity's demand on nature and keep pushing the ecological footprint above its regeneration capacity.
In addition, the report WWF's ‘Living Planet’ warns that the costs of this excess consumption on nature are "increasingly evident" and are translated into deforestation, droughts, scarcity of fresh water, loss of soil, biodiversity, increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, etc.
According to this WWF report, conducted in collaboration with GFN, humanity currently needs a planet and a half to satisfy its demand for natural resourcesBut if this trend continues, it will take at least three planets in 2050 to supply. As for Spain, if all humanity consumed as the Spaniards would need the equivalent to two planets.
In this sense, he warns that "ecological excess is possible for now", because humanity can cut down trees faster that the time it takes to grow, catch more fish than the oceans can raise, or emit more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than the forests and oceans can absorb.
Specifically, the carbon footprint is the most important part of this global ecological excess and the one that most increases the gap between the demand for resources and the biocapacity or capacity of nature to meet demand.
For WWF, the global agreement that should be reached in Paris to end the use of fossil fuels "is key to curbing the excessive growth" of humanity's ecological footprint. In 2015, the absorption of greenhouse gases it will require 85 percent of the planet's biocapacity. According to calculations by the GFN, it would take twice the current biocapacity of forests to absorb all the carbon that humanity emits into the atmosphere.
However, WWF emphasizes that it is possible to change the course so that humanity lives with prosperity within the limits of the planet, that is, using natural resources within ecological limits of the Earth.
Among the solutions proposed by the organization, preserve natural capital, produce better, consume more intelligently, redirect financial flows so that nature is valued, and carry out equitable governance of resources, measuring the success of countries beyond GDP.
"Only in this way can the ecological footprint of humanity within the natural budget of the Planet, ensuring our future and that of the next generations ", he concludes.