1. When starting, do not press the accelerator
Before, you had to put the pedal to the metal to start the car, but now you don't have to. Cars have injection engines that allow the vehicle to be started by simply activating the ignition.
Of course, in some vehicles for safety and operational reasons it is necessary to step on the clutch or brake so that you can get going.
2. Use the first one to boot
Engage the first gear when starting and then, after about two seconds, change it to second, since the first gear is the most consuming gear.
3. Make gear changes at low revs
You have to take into account when you should make gear changes at the wheel to save fuel. Whenever long gears can be used, it is recommended that the changes be made between 2,000 and 2,500 revolutions per minute in gasoline-powered cars and between 1,500 and 2,000 in diesel engines.
If the car does not have a tachometer, the speed at which it is driving can be taken as a reference. Therefore, you have to use the third starting at 30 km / h, the fourth starting at 40 km / h, the fifth starting at 50 km / h and the sixth -if you have it- starting at 60 km / h.
4. Drive at a steady speed
You have to drive at a constant speed, avoiding acceleration and braking whenever possible. Use the highest gear at low engine revs and with the accelerator pedal pressed for about three-quarters of its travel, as it is not advisable to drive with the accelerator fully.
5. Anticipate traffic
It is necessary to circulate observing what happens ahead so that there is time to act efficiently. By adapting to the traffic circumstances, you will be able to avoid unnecessary acceleration and braking, which are the culprits of fuel consumption. If you have to slow down or stop the vehicle completely, do it progressively.
6. Delaying downshifts on hills
On uphill sections, slow down as much as possible, increasing the pressure on the accelerator but without stepping on it.
7. Use the highest gear on the descents
On the downhill sections, take advantage of inertia taxiing and drive in the highest gear possible. On these occasions, change gears at a slightly lower speed than previously recommended.
8. Do not brake hard when cornering
When approaching a curve, do not brake sharply. You have to slow down by lifting your foot off the accelerator and letting the car roll with the inertia of the march.
In case of need, brake smoothly and early, downshifting only when necessary. Inside the curve maintain a uniform acceleration according to the layout and never brake in the middle of it and with the wheels turned.
9. Turn off the engine during long stops.
If we are going to stop for more than a minute - at a level crossing or in a big traffic jam - it is best to turn off the engine, since fuel consumption with an engine idling is 0.5-0.7 liters per hour .
10. Monitor tire pressure and load
A car with low tire pressure consumes more. So you have to drive with the tire pressure recommended by the manufacturer to reduce fuel consumption and avoid punctures and blowouts.
On the other hand, it should not be forgotten that driving with excess load or with a bad positioning of the same, also affects fuel consumption and lower vehicle running stability.
If the vehicle is overloaded, we must also take into account that the braking space - in the event that we need to brake sharply - also lengthens.
The Epoch Times