Organic agriculture, on the other hand, puts respect for nature in the first place both in the production stages, as well as in the handling and processing of food. In this way, the natural cycles and the biological activity of the soil are taken into account, using a minimum of external inputs and avoiding artificial fertilizers and pesticides.
This type of agriculture uses methods to minimize air, soil and water pollution, keeping the main objective of optimizing the health and productivity of communities.
A report from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) entitled "Wake up before it is too late: Make agriculture truly sustainable now for food security in a changing climate." truly sustainable agriculture for food security in climate change) is specifically dedicated to developing a transformation towards more sustainable agriculture.
For this reason, in it, more than 50 specialists address issues such as livestock production, climate change, the importance of research and land use, with the idea of achieving an "alternative" system, based on small farms that use agroecological methods.
Why? Because the agroecological approach provides great social, economic and environmental advantages that, if promoted at the political level, could be expanded and guarantee food security, a diversified and transgenic-free model.
"This implies a rapid and significant change from a conventional industrial production, based on monoculture and highly dependent on external inputs, towards mosaics of sustainable and regenerative production systems that also considerably improve the productivity of small farmers," says the report.
In addition, the report refers to agricultural free trade agreements and indicates that they have produced an increase in business concentration, to the detriment of local ecological systems.
"The fight against hunger must start at the source, where the farmers are. They must be supported in their management of the environment in order to increase agricultural production in a sustainable way and to guarantee food sovereignty at the local level. "agrees Hans Hohenester, Chairman of the Board of Naturland, a German organic association that with more than 30 years of experience helps small farmers around the world to convert to organic agriculture.
A hungry world is not necessarily a problem of food production, but of market control. The more large-scale production according to profitability, permissive regulations and the use of transgenics to make the process more effective, the higher the costs, and the lower the possibilities of accessing food.
In this way, the report once again puts on the table the importance of taking into account an agroecological approach to guarantee food security and care for the environment.
For this, support for small farmers, protection of the land, free exchange of seeds and fair trade should be practices that from the political power are promoted and strengthened to achieve that this is the paradigm that prevails, to the detriment of the one who empties our floors, our stomachs and pockets in favor of a handful of large multinationals.