International companies with headquarters in Mexico, such as Coca Cola, Pepsi Cola, Danone and some mining companies, enjoy concessions that allow them to carry out the extraction and privatization of the country's vital liquid. This endangers both biodiversity and the communities of each Mexican region, as multinationals violate the human right to water by monopolizing 82 percent of the value of the mark in terms of total sales.
According to a report presented to Léo Heller, Special Rapporteur on the Human Right to Drinking Water and Sanitation of the United Nations Organization –UN–, there are 101 organizations that monopolize these profits from water, which “are not regulated nor properly audited, plus the concessions are absolutely ridiculous relative to profits. "
For example, Coca Cola Femsa pays annually around 2,600 pesos for each of the six groundwater exploitation concessions, and with a profit of 32,500 million pesos. Another example is the mining industry that extracts almost 437 million cubic meters of water - the amount with which the needs of the entire population of Baja California Sur, Colima, Campeche and Nayarit are covered. Not forgetting that since the publication of the constitutional reform on energy matters in 2013, the exploration and exploitation activities of both oil and hydrocarbons have "preference over any other that involves the use of the surface and subsoil."
The obstruction to the fulfillment of the human right to water implies, according to theReport on violations of human rights to water and sanitation, is mainly due to the fracking of each region: "[It] stands out for the affectation in terms of availability, accessibility, affordability and quality of water, essential factors for the fulfillment of the human right to water" in the legal framework, the process privatization, the implications of megaprojects and the criminalization of communities and people who defend their land and water. It is also indicated that:
Mining companies enjoy incomparable fiscal privileges that have allowed the nation's natural resources to benefit a few, and with the reforms to the mining and energy laws they are granted the status of 'public utility industry', thus making exploration and resource extraction are of national interest and public order, prioritizing this use above any other.