Others, like the Nordic welfare states, not so much. However, even in Scandinavian countries some groups (such as Danes or Norwegians) settle in higher ranks than others, such as immigrants or refugees.
The case is how social hierarchies are stabilized if, apparently, we fight strongly against inequality. A group of researchers from different countries has carried out an investigation on the relationship between social inequality, instability and psychological reasons that lead to attractive group dominance. This study has been carried out with 45,000 people from 27 different countries and 30 North American states.
The result has been overwhelming: the greater the social inequality and instability, the more effort those at the top of these hierarchies make to maintain them, in order to protect their own privileged state. According to Lotte Thomsen, lead author of the research, "what we have observed is a process that occurs the greater the social inequality. In this scenario, those at the top of the hierarchy struggle to maintain their position, reaching even using violence to maintain inequality. This, in turn, can lead to increased inequality and violence, resulting in a vicious cycle. "
To reach these conclusions, the researchers compared participants' responses with questions about their support for hierarchy versus equality among groups from the UN, the World Bank, and Reporters Without Borders (among others). According to Jonas-Kunst, one of the authors of the research, "we see a clear association in 27 countries."
The greater the social inequality, the greater the trend of social mean dominance (SDO) among the members of the dominant group in the country. This ODS is worse in those countries that score the worst in terms of the risk of violent conflicts, the absence of good governance (such as corruption or the absence of a rule of law), the lack of social progress in terms of the satisfaction of basic needs of the population, access to health care and education, lack of democracy, lack of freedom of the press or the non-existence of gender equality.