It is one of the mainhealth concerns in Europe, the creation of "superbugs" byantibiotic resistance. And the situation is worrying because if we generate those resistances when it is really necessary to use aantibiotic medication this will not work with the terrible consequences that it brings.
One of the main mistakes made today with antibiotics is to give them abusively to theanimals that we eat later. Although antibiotic residues are not usually present in the meat or milk we consume (before it was common, now it is more controlled and rare,according to the Organization of Consumers and Users (OCU), this situation supposes aserious public health problemSince, the greater the use of antibiotics, the greater the probability of developing bacteria resistant to these drugs.
Resistant bacteria from animals can reach humans through direct contact or environmental dispersion in air or water, so not only meat, but alsovegetable food they can contain them. How? From compost or irrigation water contaminated with the feces of (those) animals.
According toEuropean Medicines Agency (EMA), Spain is the country of the European Union where more veterinary antibiotics are sold, most of them intended for use in livestock.
The problem is such that there is a European campaign launched by the BEUC (European Consumers Organization) to demand thatMinistries of Health and Agriculture a more responsible use of antibiotics in animals intended for food production and slow the spread of resistant bacteria.
Consumer associations ask:
-That current regulations be changed so that only the use of antibiotics is allowed in sick animals.
-That the antibiotics that are generating the most resistance are reserved for exclusively human use and never used on farms.
-That controls be strengthened to monitor compliance with regulations.
-That hygiene and animal care practices be improved on farms, thereby reducing the need to resort to antibiotics.
The emergence of resistant strains is anatural phenomenon that occurs when microorganisms reproduce erroneously or exchange resistance characteristics, but the use andantimicrobial misuse also accelerates their onset.
The problem goes beyond health. It is also political, as political corruption in particular increases resistance to antibiotics. Due to this problem, some 700,000 people die in the world each year (deaths fromtraffic accident are 1,200,000).
The forecast is that by the year 2050, deaths from resistant bacteria will reach 10 million annually, exceeding the mortality caused by theCancer.
In 2015 aboutAustralian investigators tried to validate their suspicions: It is not only the overuse of antibiotics but the lack of multi-resistant infection control policies in hospitals, the lack of transparency about the rates of multi-resistant infections in each hospital, themisuse of antibiotics by professionals -which is favored when institutions are neither accountable to society nor control factors associated with the lack of quality of prescription such as the influence of the pharmaceutical industry and other incentives- orfood chain control systems and the waters that do not work.
There are several factors to take into account:
-It is confirmed that thedecreased use of antibiotics decreases the resistance to them.
-The morePrivate sanity more resistance to antibiotics (researchers believe this is because private care has aless control).
-The least corrupt countries, where the institutions work better, the controls are more rigorous and thetransparency and the most decisive accountability, haveless resistance to antibiotics.
This is due to less supervision and enforcement of laws in the most corrupt countries, not only in human medicine but also in the quality and safety of food and health.Water. The reduction of resistance to antimicrobial drugs "requires a combination of policies aimed at limiting the use of antibiotics in people and, perhaps more importantly, the development of better controls on corruption", argue those responsible for the aforementioned analysis.
Reports on the problem, such as those of theWorld Health Organization (WHO), the last data from 2014, warns of aVery worrying panorama but they do not point to political corruption as these researchers have done.
So as we see, various measures can be taken so that conventional treatments against infections do not become ineffective, which increases the risk of spreading diseases.
By Miguel Jara