Compost or compost is a type of compost that is obtained through the process of decomposition of organic materials to form soil with high nutritional value for plants. This can be made naturally with products that we discard daily in our homes.
Next, the detail of how to make a homemade compost that you can use as compost for your garden and that will also help you significantly reduce the volume of organic waste through recycling. But the best of all is that its preparation is very simple since it is a completely natural process.
Before you begin, it is important to note that not all materials are suitable for composting. Ideal materials are divided into three types:
- Fast decomposing materials: fresh leaves, fresh grass, poultry manure.
- Slow decomposing materials: fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee and tea scraps, flowers, dry grass, herbivorous pet manure.
- Very slow decomposing materials: cardboard, unprinted paper, dry leaves, twigs, sawdust, untreated and unpainted wood chips, egg and nut shells, fruit and seed shells.
Products containing flour, oil, printed paper, carnivorous animal feces, bones, blood, meat scraps, whole eggs, dairy products, rice (neither raw nor cooked), nor wastes that are not biodegradable should never be added to the compost bin.
Materials you need
- Suitable organic waste (any of the three types previously described)
- A rake
- Gloves (can be disposable or gardening)
- Worms (optional)
- Watering can
- Plastic bag to cover
1. First of all, find a place to put the compost bin. Consider that it should be sheltered from the wind and rain, and that it should not receive many hours of direct sunlight. A good idea may be to place it under an eaves so that it is protected from these climatic factors. Make sure the place you choose is a flat surface; It can be on grass or on a cement floor, just previously place a base of dry branches to allow air circulation and also bear in mind that the decomposition will generate liquid (which you can also use as fertilizer for plants ). If you want to take advantage of these liquid waste, the compost bin must have a bottom that allows you to collect them.
As a compost bin, you can use a fruit box or make it yourself with pallet wood or other untreated wood. Another option is to dig a well in a hidden area of the garden.
Once the compost is located, mix the organic remains of both fast and slow decomposition in a ratio of approximately 2 to 1.
The next step is optional and consists of adding worms to the mix, once the mixed organic waste base has been placed. The most commonly used worms are Californian or red worms, although you can also place a little earth with common worms. If you want to skip this step, no problem, although the compost will turn out a little different, its properties will be preserved.
Next, place a layer of organic debris well distributed throughout the container. Make sure to cut the large scraps into smaller pieces, as the total height should be about 1/4 of the compost bin.
Then add a thin layer of dry material and leave it untouched for a week.
To do this, cover the compost bin with a plastic bag to protect it from the elements. If the process is done correctly, it should not give off unpleasant odors or attract any type of insect.
After the first week, stir once or twice a week to air out the mixture. You can add more organic material and always cover with a plastic.
too dry. If this is the case, add a little water to moisten, but try not to overdo it with the water. You don't need to flood it; It is better to moisten it just a little frequently than to put a lot of water together, as this could ruin the process.
The total process takes between 1 and 3 months to complete, depending on the material you have used and the environmental conditions. The result should be a black, moist, odorless compost that you can compost to help beautify your garden.