According to a recent report by the Peruvian Amazon Monitoring Project (MAAP), the construction of the Puerto Esperanza - Iñapari highway, one of the main proposals of Law 30723 promulgated by Congress, would not only affect protected areas and towns. most vulnerable indigenous people in the Amazon, but also around 275 thousand hectares of primary forest.
The bill was presented in April 2017 by Glider Ushñahua and approved on December 7 by the full legislature, which dominates the Fujimori party Fuerza Popular.
The Peruvian Society of Environmental Law (SPDA) recalled in this regard that the Ministry of Culture had considered the law "unviable" and that it had also been rejected by the Commission of Andean, Amazonian and Afro-Peruvian Peoples, Environment and Ecology of the Legislative. It was also observed by the Ombudsman's Office, and received a wake-up call from the United Nations special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, who stated that “it will affect indigenous territories, threatening the very survival of the peoples living in the area ”.
Experts and environmentalists consider that the law did not take into account the legal system that protects indigenous peoples in isolation and initial contact, nor the impact of the construction of roads in the Amazon, since there is evidence that these promote the illegal traffic of timber, illegal mining and drug trafficking.
The law was enacted just three days after Pope Francis met in the jungle city of Puerto Maldonado with indigenous representatives and defended the preservation of the Amazon and the environment.
Impacts of the construction of the Puerto Esperanza - Iñapari highway
The construction of the Puerto Esperanza-Iñapari highway would affect around 275 thousand hectares of primary forest.
This was revealed by a recent report by the Peruvian Amazon Monitoring Project (MAAP), which also indicates that those affected by the regulation will be the protected areas and the most vulnerable indigenous peoples of the Amazon.
In this sense, one of the main proposals is the construction of the Puerto Esperanza - Iñapari highway, an extension of 277 kilometers along the border with Brazil, in Madre de Dios and Ucayali; in which, according to the MAAP analysis, Madre de Dios would be the most affected.
In addition, according to the results of the MAAP analysis, the Puerto Esperanza - Iñapari road would cross three critical areas for indigenous peoples in isolation and biodiversity, such as the Madre de Dios Territorial Reserve, the Purús National Park and the Purús Communal Reserve.
As shown in image 76b, the route would cross, in its entirety, through primary forests. Furthermore, in recent years, there was a proliferation of forest roads in Iñapari.
The main road that exists in the area is the Interoceanic Highway, which, according to MAAP's analysis, has experienced a strong impact of deforestation associated with forest fire risks, within five kilometers, on both sides of the road.
- I would cross in its entiretyprimary forest (dark green). Note the proliferation of forest roads in recent years around Iñapari (linesred).
- Would traverse3 critical areas for indigenous peoples in isolation and biodiversity: Madre de Dios Territorial Reserve, Purús National Park, and Purús Communal Reserve.
In this case, image 76c shows the entire Interoceanic route affected by deforestation in its entirety.
Ucayali: Construction of the Puerto Esperanza - Iñapari highway would not be accepted by natives
In Pucallpa, the specialist in environmental issues, César Ipenza, explained that the bill for the construction of the Puerto Esperanza - Iñapari highway would not be accepted by the native population. The reason, the environmental and social impacts that this would generate.
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