Through the Monitoring Project of the Amazonian Andes (MAAP) it was possible to identify the five areas with the greatest loss of forest in the Peruvian Amazon. The department of Madre de Dios is the most affected.
The MAAP analysis corresponds to the deforestation generated in 2018 and is based on early warning data that are generated by the National Program for the Conservation of Forests for the Mitigation of Climate Change (PNCB) of the Ministry of the Environment of Peru (MINAM) .
Among the five areas identified are La Pampa and Iberia in Madre de Dios, the surroundings of the Bahuaja Sonene National Park between Madre de Dios and Puno, central Amazon, between Ucayali and Huánuco and another area between Ucayali and Loreto.
The MAAP attributed the deforestation of La Pampa to the action of gold mining between the Interoceanic Highway and the Malinowski River and to the agricultural activity north of the highway. The pink color on the map represents the 2018 forest loss.
Given the seriousness of the situation in this area, the Peruvian authorities began the multisectoral and comprehensive mega-operation called “Operation Mercury 2019” that seeks to eradicate illegal mining and the crimes related to it and promote development actions in the region.
In the case of the northern part of the Bahuaja Sonene National Park, according to the MAAP report, it is being deforested by gold mining activity along the Malinowski River and, in the southwestern part, deforestation is a consequence of agricultural activity . The latter occurs in small and scattered areas in the middle of the forest. Extensive deforestation was also identified in the southeastern part of the park.
Already close to the border with Brazil and Bolivia, in Iberia, extensive deforestation occurs due to agricultural activity. There is the community of Israelite farmers of Arca Pacahuara that is dedicated mainly to the cultivation of corn.
The report identified a form of organized deforestation in Masisea (D1) and Sarayaku (D2) in the departments of Ucayali and Loreto. This modality occurs through different plots around new access roads.
Medium-scale deforestation was identified along the Aguaytía river due to a new rice plantation. Furthermore, most of the identified deforestation occurs within Permanent Production Forests (BPP).
In the case of the departments of Ucayali and Huánuco, MAAP shows small and medium-scale deforestation around large-scale oil palm plantations.
"This area also corresponds to the proposed land title of the Santa Clara de Uchunya native community," says the publication.