Ginger is a plant with leafy stems and yellowish-green flowers. The ginger spice comes from the roots of the plant. Ginger is native to warmer parts of Asia, such as China, Japan, and India, but is now grown in parts of South America and Africa. It is also grown in the Middle East for use as a medicine and combined with food.
Ginger is commonly used orally, for various types of "stomach problems" such as dizziness, morning sickness, colic, upset stomach, gas, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), nausea, nausea caused by cancer treatment , nausea caused by HIV / AIDS. Also for the treatment of nausea and vomiting after surgery, as well as loss of appetite.
Other uses include pain relief from rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis, menstrual pain, and other conditions. However, there is no strong evidence to support the use of ginger for these conditions.
Ginger can reduce muscle pain and joint pain
Ginger has been shown to be effective against exercise-induced muscle pain.
In one study, consuming 2 grams per day, for 11 days, significantly reduced muscle pain. Its use does not have an immediate impact, but it can be effective in reducing the daily progression of muscle pain.
These effects are believed to be mediated by anti-inflammatory properties.
Side effects and safety
Ginger is safe when taken by mouth properly. Some people may have mild side effects, such as heartburn, diarrhea, and a general upset stomach. Some women have reported additional menstrual bleeding while taking it. And it is also safe when applied to the skin properly, in the short term. Although it can cause skin irritation for some people. However, certain precautions must be taken as it can cause some side effects. Before taking it you should know the contraindications of ginger
The following doses have been studied in scientific research:
- For nausea and vomiting caused by HIV / AIDS treatment: 1 gram per day in two divided doses 30 minutes before each antiretroviral treatment for 14 days.
- For painful menstrual periods: 250 mg of a specific ginger extract (Zintoma, Goldaru) has been used four times a day for 3 days from the start of the menstrual period. Additionally, 1500 mg of ginger powder has been used daily in up to three divided doses, starting up to two days before menstruation and continuing through the first 3 days of the menstruation cycle.
- For morning sickness: 500 to 2,500 mg daily in two to four divided doses have been used for 3 days to 3 weeks.
- For Osteoarthritis - Many different ginger extract products have been used in studies. The dosage used differs depending on the product taken. A ginger extract (Eurovita Extract 33; EV ext-33) 170 mg three times a day has been used. Another extract has also been used (Eurovita Extract 77; EV ext-77), which combines a ginger with an alpinia, 255 mg twice a day. Another extract (Zintona EC) 250 mg four times a day has also been used. In addition, an extract (Eurovita Extract 35; EV ext-35) 340 mg daily has been used in combination with 1000 mg of glucosamine daily for 4 weeks.
- For nausea and vomiting after surgery: 1-2 grams of powdered ginger root 30-60 minutes before induction of anesthesia has been used. Sometimes 1 gram of ginger is also given two hours after surgery.
- For vertigo (vertigo): 1 gram of powdered ginger as a single dose one hour before causing dizziness.
APPLIED TO THE SKIN:
For osteoarthritis: A specific gel containing ginger and plai (Plygersic gel, Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research) has been used in four divided doses over 6 weeks.
INHALED AS AROMATHERAPY:
For nausea and vomiting after surgery: a solution of ginger essential oil has been used. Aromatherapy with ginger alone, or in combination with spearmint, peppermint, and cardamom, is inhaled through the nose and exhaled through the mouth three times after surgery.