Short-term climate change

Short-term climate change

We can affirm, without a doubt, that the earth has its natural climatic cycles and that before human beings existed there were already climatic changes.

In fact, the Earth has gone through 5 mass extinctions and all of them have been consequences of changes in the atmosphere in which humans did not have any type of impact, simply because we did not exist.

It is true then that natural atmospheric changes notably affected the planet's climate throughout history, but it is also undeniable that humans carry out actions that immensely and negatively influence the climate.

In recent weeks, different types of environmental phenomena have been registered at a global level, which generated great impacts on a social and economic level. In one way or another we could say that it is only the beginning, but in fact it is already extremely alarming.

According to the Gulf News, on June 8, Kuwait (Western Asia) had the highest temperature ever seen, 63 degrees Celsius. This unprecedented heat has had very serious consequences within the town, reporting a total of 5 deaths so far. Countries like Saudi Arabia. Iraq, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, are also suffering from temperatures close to 50 degrees.

Greenland, in turn, lost 2 trillion tons of ice in the last week, which is quite unusual. According to Thomas Mote of the University of Georgia, this phenomenon is quite unusual but similar experiences have existed in recent years. Here the point of analysis lies in the frequency of these phenomena in recent decades. They say 2019 is likely to be a year of major pole melts according to predictions.

In other latitudes of the planet, hundreds of cities in India have been forced to evacuate in search of water, due to a historical drought. In recent weeks, New Delhi, the capital of the same country, registered the highest temperature (48 degrees Celsius) ever recorded in the month of June at the national level. A little further south of the country, in cities near Mumbai, around 90% of the area's population migrated to less hot areas. Local scientists explain that this drought is worse than the one recorded in 1972, considered the worst to date.

This is only what could be recorded in recent weeks, however the planet has been showing symptoms for years that something is wrong:

  • 5 of the 20 most serious wildfires in the state of California were produced in 2017, the most serious being the “Camp Fire” during 2018 with a total of 56 deaths.
  • Also in 2018, around 50 forest fires were active in Sweden. They forced the evacuation of entire towns and spread to the Arctic Circle, something totally atypical, where temperatures reached 32 ° C.
  • On the other hand, the intensity and frequency of floods increased in recent years. In Asia, specifically in the countries of Bangladesh, India and Nepal, during 2017 there were a total of 1,200 deaths and an approximate of 41 million affected by floods in the rainy season (June-September)

These are just a few examples of the climate catastrophes that have been taking place around the world in recent years. Although today the contribution of human beings to global warming is no longer a discussion in the scientific field, the real effort lies in not reaching 1.5 ° C before 2030. To do this, understand the relationship between the model consumption and production with the aforementioned catastrophes is a fundamental task to be carried out.

Source: Social Research Base (BASE IS)

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