The latest estimates suggest that there are up to 5.1 million species of mushrooms in the world, but you don't want to eat most of them. So we've put together a team of the best edible mushrooms. The following are the healthiest.
Reishi- “the heavyweight” that does it all (or almost)
This species of mushroom looks like a large white and brown flower made of wood. It is loaded with ganoderic acid, which is known to help lower cholesterol as well as lower high blood pressure. Also known as "Lingzhi" in Chinese, it has been revered in Asian societies for thousands of years and is one of the oldest symbols of well-being and longevity, historically only consumed by royalty.
It has strong immune-boosting powers and is revered as an antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and anticancer fungus. And there's a lot of research to back up these claims: A 2009 study in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry conducted in Taiwan showed that reishi contained unique polysaccharides that promote longevity by boosting immune system function and preventing abnormal blood vessel formations that could lead to a life-threatening cancerous cancer.
In 2010, a different study conducted by Pharmacological Reports found that the triterpinoid ganoderic acid found in reishi acted to inhibit the development and metastasis of tumors. A 2011 study expanded on these findings, suggesting that this fungus could seek out and eradicate existing cancer cells in the body. More recently, a 2013 study in Food and Chemical Toxicology used reishi mushroom to reverse chemical-caused liver damage in mice.
Research also suggests that Reishi may help patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Huntington's. Reishi helps fight cancer by supporting the creation of nerve growth factor, a protein that is critical for healthy neurological function.
Shiitake - Fight tumors
These are not only a favorite in Japanese cuisine and an excellent source of vitamin D, but they also contain a natural antitumor compound called lentinan. A 2011 study also showed that Shiitake reduces inflammation in the body. The scientists gave 52 healthy adults, ages 21 to 41, a four-week supply of dried shiitake mushrooms and told them to eat a 120-gram serving per day. Through blood tests before and after the experiment, the researchers observed better functioning of the gamma delta T cells and reductions in inflammatory proteins.
Oyster Mushroom: Fights HIV and Cancer
These mushrooms that grow easily worldwide are rich in protein (30% by dry weight), loaded with B vitamins, contain no cholesterol, and have significant levels of the cholesterol-lowering molecule lovastatin. A 2004 study in HIV patients showed that mushrooms had some antiretroviral-induced hyperlipidemia.
There seems to be a potential benefit to ingesting a tea made from freeze-dried wood-grown oyster mushrooms. In the International Journal of Oncology, Jedinaki and Silva (2008) identified two molecular mechanisms of oyster mushroom alcohol extracts that “specifically inhibit the growth of colon and breast cancer cells without a significant effect on normal cells, and they have a possible therapeutic / preventive effect on breast and colon cancer ”.
Porcini - Fights inflammation
This fleshy mushroom is reminiscent of Portabello and has proven to be a successful anti-inflammatory. This fungus contains the compound ergosterol that is capable of cytotoxicity, which is the process of attacking enemy cells.
In a new study on aging, researchers identified which health markers play the most crucial roles in people who reach the magical age of 100. More than any other, chronic inflammation appeared as the most important and changing factor in reaching the later golden years and enjoying better physical and mental health along the way.
Mushrooms: Help for prostate health and breast cancer
Mushrooms, the most eaten mushroom in the world, have gone wild and humans have eaten them since the days of the first hunter-gatherers. Traditional civilizations even knew that mushrooms had special powers. It is said that the ancient Egyptians believed that mushrooms could grant immortality and therefore only the pharaohs were considered worthy of eating or even touching them.
Modern studies have shown that this popular mushroom that can be found in every grocery store contains is effective in preventing breast and prostate cancer in animal and human cells.
Maitake - The Blood Sugar Controller
This species of mushroom has anticancer, antiviral, and immune-enhancing effects and can also help control high blood pressure and blood sugar levels.
One particular study found that maitake mushroom is highly beneficial for people suffering from insulin resistance and diabetes. Also, it is said that half a cup of maitake mushrooms a day can sweep the system, find abnormal cells, and cause them to self-destruct. Simultaneously, they can cause the body to release cells from the immune system that attack and kill malignant cells.
Shimeji: fight asthma and tumors
This type of mushroom has always been traditionally used in Japan as a defense against asthma. It has potent high levels of beta-glucans that suppress allergic reactions, such as recurrent asthma. Furthermore, beta-glucans are also known to increase the natural healing abilities of the immune system. According to the National Cancer Institute of Japan, this beta-glucan compound is also a successful remedy for delaying and destroying growing tumors.
Chanterelles: metabolism booster
Chanterelle mushrooms have one of the highest known natural concentrations of B vitamins, especially vitamins B1, B2, B3, and B5. These vitamins play a fundamental role in converting food into energy and in keeping the nervous system healthy. Plus, mushrooms are rich in fiber, which keeps regular bowel movements and intestinal health in check. This mini trumpet mushroom has been associated with antimicrobial, bacterial, and fungal properties, as well as being rich in vitamin C, D, and potassium.
Black truffle: the one that promotes happiness
Anyone who is a fan of Italian cuisine can instantly recognize the taste of a truffle and the good feeling associated with tasting its unique flavor. Long used in cooking and touted for its rarity, a new study shows there's a reason we're all going crazy for truffles: they actually contain a "happiness molecule" that's similar to tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. , the chemical responsible for most of the psychological and mood-enhancing effects of marijuana.
Scientists at the University of Rome found that expensive black truffles produce a compound called anandamide, which triggers the release of chemicals that improve mood, change appetite, affect memory, and reduce feelings of depression and brain pain. human. This characteristic of the black truffle is also found in marijuana.
Chaga - The antioxidant
Chaga has been consumed for centuries in the East, generally as a tea, where its health benefits are well established. Gaining popularity in the Western Hemisphere, one study tested cells that were previously treated with a chaga mushroom extract, then treated with H202 to induce oxidative stress. The pretreated cells showed less damage than the cells that did not receive the chaga extract.
This particular species of mushroom also contains massive amounts of the natural black pigment known as melanin, which has high levels of antioxidants from the polyphenols it contains. In fact, chaga has the highest ORAC score (the measure of antioxidant potency) of any superfood. Additionally, several studies have shown that chaga can help with diabetes, cardiovascular health, immune health, protection against DNA damage, and cholesterol.