To begin to understand the subject, we have to be clear about what it means for something to be biodegradable and what it means to be compostable.
What does biodegradable mean?
The term biodegradable refers to a substance that can be degraded by biological action. This means that this substance will decompose as time goes by and thus it will be able to integrate into nature without damaging it. In this process, the participation of the human being is not necessary. This process can last depending on the material we are talking about, from a few weeks to several years, but in all cases, at the end of the cycle it will become nutrient substances that can be integrated into nature, thus returning to the earth cycle.
What does compostable mean?
Compostable, on the other hand, refers to the biochemical decomposition of organic waste, whose final product is known by the name of humus, and it is obtained artificially, since man participates in this process. These types of materials then become compost. organic by the action of man.
The composting process can be carried out by an individual at home or by a company in an industrial way with the help of specialized machinery in the so-called composting plants.
Thanks to this process, the time it takes for the material to become compost can be shortened. This is done with the help of chemicals and / or certain industrial techniques. These techniques are designed to shorten the times of the composting process, but also to achieve that the final product is rich in nutrients that crops need to grow fast and with strength.
To finish clarifying the issue
- A material is "biodegradable" when, after being used, it can be reintegrated into the chemical elements that compose it. The Biodegradation process is a natural process that occurs over the years.
- A material is “compostable” when, after its use, it can be converted into compost (organic fertilizer) thanks to the action of the human being that achieves that the times are shortened and are faster than the deadlines that nature marks when it biodegrades naturally.
The clarification is valid that all compostable materials (those that can be transformed by the action of man quickly) are biodegradable (those that can also be transformed slowly through the action of nature itself).
Therefore, not all biodegradable are compostable.
An example of a successful composting material is Veruso Lino, a fully biodegradable and compostable wallpaper.
The company Papeles de los 70, specialized in ecological wallpaper, continues to surprise the market with quality products for all those people who love to decorate their homes and fundamentally, maintain their commitment to the conservation and respect of the environment.
Currently, wallpaper has once again become a trend for decoration and essential in all homes, being one of the most sought-after products on the internet without a doubt to satisfy the fashion of dressing a wall, to attract attention or delimit a space; and even to line the interior of a piece of furniture. It's the easiest way to renovate your home without having to do renovations or buy new furniture.
In the case of Veruso Lino, it is made entirely from plant-based raw materials that require a very limited amount of water to grow. With an innovative production, it comprises a needle felting combined with a hydro-interlacing process, resulting in an artisanal and ecological process, resulting in a product of the highest quality, composed of 65% linen and 35% viscose.
Presenting a commitment to ecology, no artificial dyes are used in the material, which leaves it a warm and neutral natural tone. In the case of this ecological variant, the use of vegetable fibers that are also partially visible in the paper, also make the result on any wall or surface provide an extra permanent contact with nature.
The objective of this material is sustainability for the walls, creating an endless biological cycle. That is to say, all the raw materials used in the product can be reused as many times as needed, something radically opposite to conventional recycling methods. If this wallpaper breaks down through composting, it releases valuable nutrients. The residues that this paper can leave, become raw material for another product.
The linen with which this product is made, sculptured in the Normandy area, France. Linen fibers are the most suitable for the production of wallpaper, since they are bactericidal (that is, they kill bacteria); as well as being almost completely antistatic and dirt repellent.
For this type of paper to adhere to the wall, it requires viscose. A supporting raw material to provide the necessary characteristics when combined with linen. They are the textile fibers of natural origin that are obtained from wood through the industrial manufacturing process, in addition, this wood comes from sustainable forest management and certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).
Other characteristics that make this painting interesting in addition to sustainability:
-Sound absorption: annoying noises are partially absorbed due to the consistency of the material
-Thermal insulation: the product has a thickness of about 0.5 mm. The air is trapped in the linen and viscose fibers, storing the thermal energy of the heated room.
- Humidity regulation: Like wood and many other materials made of vegetable fibers, it absorbs humidity from the room (steam), contributing to a better climate.
-Durable: the product guarantees durability.
-Low flammability: the product complies with the fire safety class, according to European regulations. The flame retardant effect is a consequence of the properties of natural materials, since the usual chemical additives are completely dispensed with.
-No risk to health: the product does not have any type of health risk. It is made with organic linen and viscose. There are no other ingredients. It is completely vapor-free.