The planet is suffering from what is known as water stress, a quarter of the world's population could suffer the serious consequences due to the lack of water.
The climate crisis, population growth and the increase in irrigated area face the inhabitants of the planet with serious problems due to the lack of water.
The world is in extreme drought and the water could soon run out. At least 17 countries are under water stress, this means that their water availability is not enough to supply all the existing demand and they are approaching the so-called “zero day”. According to experts, the taps will run dry soon.
According to the World Resources Institute (WRI), the problem could be more serious than it appears, which is why it classified water stress, drought risk, and river flood risk methodologically .
This institute reported that 17 countries are those with the greatest impact: “Agriculture, industry and municipalities are consuming 80% of the available surface and groundwater in an average year”.
“Water stress is the biggest crisis that nobody talks about. Its consequences are visible in the form of food insecurity, conflict and migration and financial instability.”, Assured the president of the WRI.
The countries most at risk are Qatar, Israel, Lebanon, Iran, Jordan, Libya, Kuwait, Arabia, Saudi, Eritrea, United Arab Emirates, San Marino, Bahrain, India, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Oman and Botswana.
The richest countries with availability of oil (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) have in common high water consumption, a large expansion of the irrigated agricultural area and investment in technology to solve the problem.
Experts warn that such a narrow margin between supply and demand could lead countries to "zero days", a situation Cape Town faced last year.
Half of the world's installed desalination capacity is in the Middle East and North Africa. Both suffer from water stress.
For her part, the former Indian water secretary assured: “Several areas of India are experiencing chronic water stress”. India will soon become the most populous country in the world, to which must be added its problems of both quantity and quality of water, with 600 million of its inhabitants still defecating in the open.
Water stress is the biggest crisis that nobody talks about. Its consequences are in sight in the form of food insecurity, conflict and migration and financial instability.
With information from: