By Kajkoj (Maximum) Ba Tiul
Both the Peoples' Summit "Linking Alternatives", the Permanent Peoples' Tribunal, as well as the Indigenous Peoples' Forum, gave a resounding "no" to the neoliberal model, as well as sanctioning morally and ethnically the European transnationals that operate in the Continent, who commit not only illegalities but also unjust actions against human rights and the collective rights of peoples, mainly that of indigenous peoples.
When the original peoples of the world and in particular the peoples of Latin America today better known as the Abya Yala Continent, strengthened their own future, based on a harmonious relationship with nature, with the earth, with the ancestors, with the community, with the family and with the divinity, the "supposed discoverers" arrived in 1492. They came with an anxiety not only to extend the territory of the empires (Spain, England, France, Holland, Portugal, etc.), but to make all the so-called "savages" accept the proposal of the Catholic Church as their sole faith. It is at this time that the church and the crown begin to make their own with the men and women of these lands.
These countries, called by all indigenous peoples "foreigners" or as they are called in Guatemala "the kaxlanes", turned the land and territory into a war booty and the peoples into subjects and this allowed the enslavement of large numbers of people, regardless of gender and age, in addition to dispossessing them of their lands and resources.
It is at this moment that what we today call exclusion and inequality begins. It is at this moment that Europe, mainly, begins to owe us and not us to them. At this point, Europe becomes a debtor to Latin America.
Today, after many years, not only Europe has interests in our countries, but also the United States. Both, with a wild anxiety, impose their own economic projects, with the excuse that they want us to get out of poverty. They impose their economic projects, called Free Trade Agreements or Association Agreements, etc., through their international organizations (World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Central American Bank for Economic Integration, World Trade Organization), they also impose their political projects and ideological, through humanitarian organizations such as the United Nations or the Organization of American States. They classify us numerically through research organizations such as USAID, CEPAL and UNDP. They also exercise their control through Cooperation NGOs, whether they are international or national, particularly the so-called development NGOs or research and academic centers, especially those linked to the elites.
For many years, States and their institutions of control, whether military or political, have held meetings to talk about the poor, the exploited, the excluded, the marginalized, the racialized. Before it was the Crown and the Empire, with the presence of the Holy Inquisition, now it is the States with their own control or indoctrination bodies. Before they talked about Christianizing us and civilizing us, now they talk about educating us, making us literate, giving us some medicines so that we can produce more. Before they talked about how to control us to exploit the land and the territory, now they talk about projects and megaprojects. Before they spoke of integrating us into the Nation-States, now they speak of inclusion and political participation. But at no time do they speak of the real causes of inequality and exclusion. They speak in terms of how much money we must have to stop being poor and how much we must consume, but they do not assume their responsibility that our situation begins since the first foreigners set foot on these lands and that it is strengthened when they left it to the Creoles today known as the rich and the oligarchs of Latin America.
This Summit "Latin America and the Caribbean and the European Union", takes place in the midst of very important geopolitical situations, on the one hand the United States with its visit to Israel, not only makes sense to celebrate another year of independence, but to strengthen its military and political strategy for that region. In our Continent, the strengthening of tensions between Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador, a situation that occurs in a political and military framework, in which the United States through Colombia wants to make Ecuador and the other countries of the region, not only unite to end the FARC-EP, but also to destabilize governments such as Bolivia and Venezuela, as shown in the famous computer of Comandante Reyes and the separatist processes of the Media Luna region in Bolivia and the next claim of alleged autonomy of the State of Zulia in Venezuela. At the same time, the political and economic effects of hunger that the neoliberal model has caused in the region are beginning to be suffered.
Before this summit Daniel Ortega, president of Nicaragua, invites his counterparts from Central America, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, the Dominican Republic to discuss the strategies to follow due to the situation that is beginning to generate hunger in the region: mobilizations in Haiti, shortages of fuels in Guatemala and the paralysis of transport weighing, also in Guatemala and Nicaragua, the taking of roads by farmers in Argentina, which by the way, are not poor farmers, but middle and upper class, the peasant mobilizations in the Peru, etc.
All these situations, in some way, mainstream the Summit of Presidents and Government representatives in Lima, that although some speeches were dissonant for the objectives of the European Union, they still turned out to be demagogic, as President Evo pointed out in an interview with Telesur. Morales. The demands were always more economic support to solve the problem of poverty, hunger, exclusion, etc.
Precisely because of the economistic vision of development that the United States and Europe have, the president of Bolivia, raised no more impositions and that people should be thought about and when he referred to peoples, he thought of those who have been "ignored" for many years , as are the indigenous peoples. An approach that he affirms in his speech when UNASUR  is created, saying that a world without imperialism or colonialism is needed and that UNASUR is the path to pluralism, also because it is the unity of the Indians (Evo), of the workers (Lula), the military (Chávez), the priests (Lugo) and the mestizos and whites (the rest of the governments in the region), while committing all governments to feel the weight of the inequality and exclusion that the peoples of the Continent experience.
The V Summit of Latin America, the Caribbean and the European Union (LAC-EU), discussed the following topics: poverty, inequality and exclusion, environment and energy, concluding with the commitment to strengthen their relationship to seek effective solutions to the great global problems, poverty and pollution 
Most of the presidents and heads of state who intervened, including President Chávez, highlighted that "the cause of misery and poverty in Latin America, and that it is a continent with such a degree of inequality, is imperialist capitalism." This had already been affirmed together with Correa, at the Summit against hunger and food sovereignty in Nicaragua on May 7 of this year.
For his part, President Colom stated that at the table "Sustainable development: environment, climate change and energy", which he had chaired, they reached the conclusion that "poverty and environmental conservation go hand in hand", which affirmed that by creating the unity of the States, poverty can be fought while conserving the environment.
If we analyze the speech of each one of the presidents who intervened, we can affirm that the majority agreed, even in the speeches, that the neoliberal model had already failed, as stated by President Calderón of Mexico, when he argued that the problem poverty is not solved by economic growth. These had already been heard at the meeting in Nicaragua, with the intervention of President Arias, when he said that the amount of dollars offered by the United States to solve the problem of hunger in Latin America for a year is the same that it spends in two days to wage war in Iraq and elsewhere in the Middle East.
In this way, the development model that is promoted by the United States or the European Union, even if it is given any name: sustainable, with identity, human, development cooperation, solidarity development, etc., as long as it is promoted with a Economic vision cannot and should not work, because it will be related to the enrichment of a few and hunger and poverty, it will be the justification to strengthen the business of the Latin American oligarchies and the development of the neoliberal model.
That is why at the Peoples' Summit "Enlazando Alternativas", the Permanent Peoples Tribunal, as well as the Forum of Indigenous Peoples, gave a resounding "no" to the neoliberal model, as well as morally and ethnically sanctioning transnationals Europeans operating on the Continent, who commit not only illegalities but also unjust actions against human rights and the collective rights of peoples, mainly that of indigenous peoples.
From the Rio de Janeiro meeting in 1999 to this V Hemispheric Summit, the European Union, with its "supposedly cooperation" discourse, is trying to impose its own economic logic trying to compete with the United States. Following the same strategy of 1492, when, who at that time were considered powers, competed to dominate what are now called "developing countries." As more than 500 years ago, Latin America is recognized as a spoil of war, promoting not only anti-terrorist policies, which in most cases only means the criminalization of social struggles, as happens in Peru, El Salvador. , Honduras, Guatemala, Haiti, Chile and that related to the new colonization to exploit natural resources throughout the Abya Yala Continent.
Europe tries to penetrate the Continent under the framework of Association Agreements, which although they want to disguise it in a more humane way than the proposed FTAs with the United States, is still the project of savage and inhuman capitalism, the same one that has been so nefarious with the peoples, to the point of making them invisible and even starving them.
In this V Summit, it was visible that while the peoples demand to solve the problems related to the land and the territory, which implies non-destruction and concession of natural resources, autonomy and self-determination, the non-interference of multinationals in the territories, etc. while governments demanded more investment and did not recognize the right of indigenous peoples to autonomy and self-determination, much less to demilitarization or the arms race on the continent, etc.
The Latin American peoples, mainly the indigenous peoples, are already tired of these development models and that is why it is time that the new Pachakuti and the New Baqtun began to be built, without colonialism or impositions, because what is clear is that both The United States and Europe compete with each other for oil, essential raw materials and markets, to which is now added the pretext of the fight against terrorism and organized crime that they themselves have created with the voracious and insatiable consumer societies. Two hungry wolves dressed as good grannies, a Little Red Riding Hood (Reflections of Fidel).
Kajkoj (Maximo) Ba Tiul is Maya Poqomchi, Guatemalan, anthropologist, university professor
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